Bengel, Johann Albrecht, born in Wurtemburg in 1687, was educated at Tubingen and entered the Protestant ministry. His life was spent in directing with great ability the Seminary at Deukendorf, and in discharging the duties of consistorial counsellor at Stuttgart. His fame, however, rests on the laborious and intelligent zeal which he devoted to the textual criticism of the Greek Testament. His edition is still held in esteem, and even more valuable is the Gnomon, or expository index that followed it, a work that won the praise of John Wesley, and has given much help to commentators. He died in 1752.