Beneke, Friedrich Eduard, was born at Berlin in 1798 and soon distinguished himself as a psychologist, publishing in 1820 his Theory of Knowledge, Empirical Psychology, and De Veris Philosophiae Initiis. He was opposed to the prevailing systems of Kant and Hegel. Hegel being in high favour with the Prussian government Beneke was banished for ten years, but in 1832 returned to Berlin as "Extraordinary Professor." In 1854 he was found dead in a canal near Charlottenburg and is supposed to have committed suicide. His Elements of Psychology has been translated into English.