Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Benedek, Ludwig von, Austrian soldier, was born in 1804 at Oedenburg, Hungary. After some service during the Galician insurrection of 1846, he assumed the command of a regiment against the Italians in 1848 and against the Hungarian patriots in 1849. In the Italian campaign, 1859, he signalised himself at Solferino. After being governor of Hungary, and commander-in-chief in Venice, he commanded the Austrian army in the war of 1866 with Prussia. The disaster of Sadowa led to his being superseded and court-martialled. Thereafter he retired to Graz, where he died in 1881.