Bazalgette, Sir Joseph William, engineer, was born at Enfield in 1819. After some experience in the construction of railways, he became first assistant engineer and in 1852 chief engineer to the Metropolitan Commission of Sewers. In 1856 with the formation of the Metropolitan Board of Works he was appointed engineer to that body, and in that capacity designed and carried out, in the years 1858-65, the scheme for the drainage of London. The Victoria, the Albert, and the Chelsea embankments, executed between 1863-74, are among other of his works. He died in 1891.