Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Bautzen, or Budissin, which in Wendish means town, is the capital of Saxon Upper Lausatia. and is situated on the right bank of the Spree. It is an old town, and early acquired wealth and distinction through the "Arm of St. Peter" that was preserved in one of its churches, to which pilgrimages were made. It suffered greatly in the Hussite and Thirty Years' wars, being burned on one occasion, and at the Peace of Prague, in 1635, passed with Lausatia to Saxony. On May 21st and 22nd, 1813, the battle of Bautzen was fought between Napoleon and the allied forces of Russia and Prussia, the former winning a barren victory. Besides churches and other public buildings, Bautzen has a cathedral, in which both Protestants and Roman Catholics worship. Its manufactures include cotton, linen. wool, tobacco, 1 Bather, paper, gunpowder, etc