Baretti, Giuseppe, born at Turin in 1719. After making some reputation by translating Corneille into Italian and by other efforts in prose and verse, he established himself as a teacher in London in 1751. He became secretary to the Royal Academy, and by Dr. Johnson's introduction taught Italian to Mrs. Thrale. He was tried at the Old Bailey in 1769 for killing a man who attacked him in the Haymarket and was acquitted. His dictionaries of Italian and Spanish are still extant. Lord North gave him a pension; he died in 1789.