Barcochebas, or Barcochab (Heb. son of a star), a Jewish leader, who persuaded his countrymen to rebel against Rome in the time of Hadrian. He declared himself to be the "star" referred to in Numb. xxiv. 17, and adopted the name by which he is known in place of his patronymic Simeon. His followers made him king of Jerusalem, and for a time he gave the Romans trouble, till in 135 A.D. he was defeated and killed by Julius Severus.