Barbour, John, born in Scotland about 1316, and said to have been educated at Oxford, entered the Church, and became chaplain to King David Bruce, also serving for forty years as Archdeacon of Aberdeen. He wrote in verse The Life and Actions of King Robert Bruce, a work consisting of 13,000 octo-syllabic lines, and possessing both historical and literary merit. He also described in a poem, entitled The Brute, the career of that mythical descendant of AEneas who was supposed to have settled in England. Even an age that produced Chaucer need not be ashamed of Barbour. He died in 1395.