Bamberg, a city in the circle of Upper Franconia, Bavaria, South Germany, on the river Regnitz, a tributary of the Maine, and 33 miles north of Nuremberg. The cathedral, dating from 1004, contains the tomb of its founder, the Emperor Henry II., and his Empress Cunegund. The university (1147), Ludwig's Hospital, and the palace are interesting buildings, and traces exist of the ancient walls. Bamberg was formerly governed by independent bishops, but early in this century became part of Bavaria. The district is productive, and there are thriving local industries, chief of which is brewing. A railway connects the town with Nuremberg.