Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Baber, or Babur (Arabic - tiger), the name by which the founder of the Mogul dynasty in India is best known. Born in 1483, he succeeded his father, Omar Sheikh, a descendant of Timur, in 1495, as sovereign of the district between Samarkand and the Indus. A rebellion drove him out of his kingdom, but in 1504 he collected a force, took Cabul, subjugated Kashgar and Kandahar, and thrice invaded India. At the great battle of Paniput (1526) he defeated and slew Ibrahim, Sultan of Delhi, and next became master of Agra. A year later he crushed Rana Sunga of Mewar, and all India fell virtually under his rule. He died in 1530, but his dynasty lasted for three centuries. His memoirs, written by himself, are extant.