Augustus I., Elector of Saxony, was born in 1526, and began to reign in 1553. He was fortunate enough to enjoy till his death a period of profound peace, the only discords being those between the Catholics and the Lutherans, between whom he endeavoured to create a modus Vivendi. He took part in the Diet of Augsburg. His virtues were such as to earn him the appellations of "Pious" and "The Justinian of Saxony." He did much to improve and adorn Dresden and built the palace of Augustenburg. He died in 1586.