Ashmole, Elias, astrologer, alchemist, and antiquary, was born at Lichfield in 1617, and died in 1692. Tradescant, in whose house at Lambeth he lodged, bequeathed him his museum, which Ashmole presented, together with his library, to the University of Oxford, where it still bears his name. He was made an honorary M.D. of the University in 1690. His chief works are Theatrum Clemicum, 1652; Institutions of the Order of the Garter, 1672; Diary, 1717; and Antiquities of Berkshire, 1719.