Ascoli (Lat. Asculum Picenum), a town in the province of Ascoli Piceno, Italy, standing on the river Tronto, 15 miles from Teramo and 90 miles north-east of Rome. It occupies a strong position in a difficult country. It is the seat of a bishopric and contains a citadel, a cathedral, and the remains of an amphitheatre, with other Roman buildings. There is in the Capitanata another town of the name Ascoli di Satriano, the ancient Asculum Apulum, the scene of the victory of Pyrrhus 279 B.C.