Arequipa, a province, provincial capital, and volcano in Peru. The former extends along the coast from lat. 15° to 17° 20' S.. It produces silver, alpaca wool, sugar, wine, brandy, and chemicals. The city is the third largest in Peru. It was founded by Pizarro in 1536, and stands at the foot of Arequipa Mountain, about 30 miles inland from the port of Islay, and is connected by railway with Mollendo, the line extending across the Andes at a height of 14,600 feet to Puno and Lake Titicaca. Earthquakes have frequently devastated the place, but it has been rebuilt well and solidly, and has a university, college, public library, and cathedral. Woollen and cotton fabrics, gold and silver tissues are manufactured, and there is a considerable trade in exports and imports.