Arany, Janos, a Hungarian poet, was the son of a peasant. Born in 1819, he was destined for the Church, but was appointed in 1840 notary at Szalonta. A satire on the Lost Constitution in 1843, and a trilogy on a purely Hungarian subject - Toldi - in 1847, brought him suddenly into popular favour. His later works hardly maintained his reputation. He received a professorship of literature at Nagy Koros, edited a paper at Pesth, and was elected to the Academy of Hungary. He died in 1882.