Aranjuez, a town in the province of Toledo, Spain, on the Tagus, about 28 miles from Madrid, with which it is now connected by railway. After 1552 it was for a long while the residence of the Spanish Court in the early summer. In 1772 a treaty was made at Aranjuez between Spain and France against England, and in 1808 the insurrection broke out at this spot that led to the French invasion of Spain and the Peninsular war. A severe visitation of cholera occurred in 1884. The local breed of horses and mules is highly esteemed.