Algarotti, Count Francesco, an eminent Italian writer on science and art, born at Venice in 1712. He studied at Bologna and Florence with much distinction, and then spent some time in the best literary society in Paris. His first work (1733) Newtoniasmo per le donne, in which he popularised the new philosophy, proved a complete success. After a careful inspection of the galleries of Italy he wrote Saggio sopra la Pittura, a critical treatise which met with high approval. He also published essays in verse on many scientific and literary subjects. He died at Pisa in 1764.