Alava, one of the Basque provinces in Spain, having Navarre to the E. and Burgos and Logrono to the W. and S.W. Its area is about 1,200 miles. The Ebro, the Zadora, and the Ayuda skirt its W. borders. The country is very mountainous, with fertile valleys. There are large forests and an abundance of iron, copper, lead, and marble. The capital is Vittoria.