Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.

Aben Ezra

Aben Ezra, or Ibn Ezra (Abraham Ben Meir Ben Ezra), one of the ablest Jewish grammarians and commentators, and celebrated also as an astronomer and physician; he was born at Toledo about 1090, and lived in Italy and England, dying in 1168. His Commentaries on the Old Testament form the starting-point of scientific Biblical exegesis. Without neglecting Rabbinical tradition, he adopts the literal rather than the cabalistic method of interpretation, bringing to bear on the text a profound knowledge of Chaldee and Arabic.