AEschines, the famous Athenian orator and rival of Demosthenes, born circa 389 B.C. After fighting at Mantinea, he entered on a political career. He went on an embassy to Philip of Macedon, and subsequently - or perhaps before - advocated peace with that monarch. Demosthenes accused him of receiving bribes, and he retaliated by charging Ctesiphon with illegally proposing to confer on his rival a golden crown. Demosthenes delivered his most famous oration in defence of himself and his friend, with the result that AEschines was exiled. He is said to have established a school of oratory at Rhodes, and afterwards to have lived in Samos, where he died in his 75th year.