AEolian Islands, a group of volcanic origin to the N. of the Straits of Messina, now called the Lipari Islands; mentioned in Hom. Od. x. 1. The chief of these are Hiera, Strongyle, Didyme, Phoenicusa, Euonymus, and Ericusa; their modern names being Vulcano, Stromboli, Salina, Felicudi, Panaria, and Alicudi. Their ancient appellation is derived from AEolus, the god of winds, who was supposed to govern them.