Note: Information is dated. Do not rely on it.Hartbeest, or Hartebeest. A South African antelope at one time very numerous in the region between Natal and Mashonaland, but now very scarce. It is about five feet high at the shoulder with a slender neck and a bushy tail. The head is long and narrow, and tapers to a slender muzzle; the horns are ringed, close together at their origin, and rise from the tip of the head in lyrate form. Some species are grayish brown, others reddish with characteristic markings on the buttocks and face. It is the swiftest of African antelopes, easily outrunning greyhounds. The flesh is highly esteemed as food.