Note: Information is dated. Do not rely on it.Camel. A name applied to the camel family, including hornless ruminant animals distinguished by the presence of two incisors in the upper jaw. The genus Camelus embraces two species, which are known only in the domesticated state. The dromedary, or Arabian camel, has one hump on the back; the common, or Bactrian camel, has two humps. The camel, by its power of sustaining abstinence from drink for many days, from the peculiar formation of its stomach, and of subsisting on a few coarse shrubs, is peculiarly fitted for the parched and barren lands of Asia and Africa. The flesh and milk furnish food, and from their hair cloth and ropes are made. Without them the Arabs could neither carry on trade nor travel over their sandy deserts.