Washington, Booker Taliafero. Principal of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, 1881-1915. Born near Hale's Ford, Virginia, about 1859, of African descent. Graduated from Hampton Institute, VA, 1875 (A. M., Harvard, 1896; LL. D., Dartmouth, 1901). Was teacher at Hampton Institute until elected by state authorities as head of Tuskegee Institute, which he organized and made successful. Writer and speaker on racial and educational subjects. Author: "Sowing and Reaping," "Up from Slavery," "Future of the American Negro," "Character Building," "Story of My Life and Work," "Tuskegee and Its People," etc. Booker T. Washington died in 1915.