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Biography of Winfield Scott Schley


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Schley, Winfield Scott. Rear-admiral of United States Navy. Born near Frederick, MD, October 9, 1839. Served in West Gulf blockading squadron from 1861. Schley was in engagements leading to capture of Port Hudson, LA, 1863. Remained in southern waters until 1864; then, until 1866, in Pacific station as executive officer of gunboat "Wateree." Suppressed insurrection among Chinese workers on Chincha Islands, 1864, and in 1865, landed 100 men at San Salvador to protect United States consulate and custom house during revolution. In 1872, was placed at head of Department of Modern Languages at Annapolis. Served in Europe, west coast of Africa, and the south Atlantic States and, in 1884, Schley took command of Greely Relief Expedition and rescued Lieutenant Greely and six survivors at Cape Sabine. Commanded "Baltimore," and settled trouble at Valparaiso, Chile, 1891, when several American sailors were stoned by a mob. Carried Ericsson's body to Sweden, August 1891, for which he received gold medal from King of Sweden. Placed in command of the "Flying Squadron" in war with Spain. Was in immediate command at the destruction of Cervera's fleet off Santiago, July 3, 1898. Promoted to rear-admiral, 1899. Retired at age limit, 1901. Author: "Rescue of Greely," "Forty-Five Years Under the Flag." Died 1911.