Solyman II. Surnamed "The Magnificent." Born in A.D. 1496. Sultan of Turkey from 1520 to 1566. He was the greatest of the Turkish sultans, and was scarcely less remarkable for the wisdom and justice of his internal administration than for the extent of his conquests. He encouraged literature, and was himself a poet of no mean rank. He died September 5, 1566, of fever while besieging the town of Szigeth in Hungary, two days before the capture of the town.