Solomon. King of Israel from 1015 to 975 B.C. Second son of David and Bathsheba, and David's successor. Solomon was held in high repute for his love of wisdom and the glory of his reign. He had a passion for magnificence, and the buildings he erected in Jerusalem, including the Temple and a palace on Mount Zion, regardless of an expense which the nation resented after he was gone - the burden of which it would seem had fallen upon them. Consequently, when Solomon's successor ascended the throne, ten of the tribes revolted.