Salisbury, Marquis of. An eminent British statesman. Born at Hatfield in 1830. Salisbury graduated from Christ Church College, Oxford, in 1849, and sat in parliament for Stamford, 1853-68. He was secretary for India, 1866-67, and again 1874-76. In the latter year he was special ambassador to the Porte, and was practically the leader of the Conference of Constantinople. In 1878 Salisbury was appointed foreign secretary and, with Lord Beaconsfield, took a prominent part in the Congress of Berlin. After the latter's death, he became the leader of the Conservatives in the House of Lords, and later rose to the rank of premier. Died 1903.