Sousa, John Philip. Musician. Born in Washington, D.C., November 6, 1854. Studied music. Teacher at 15, and conductor at 17. Sousa was one of the first violins of Jacques Offenbach's orchestra, when the latter was in the United States. Band leader of United States Marine Corps. Composed and published many marches, orchestral suites, "Te Deums," songs, waltzes, and the light operas "El Capitan," "Bride Elect" (libretto and music), "The Charlatan," and "Chris, and the Wonderful Lamp." Author: "The Fifth String," "Pipetown Sandy."