Sumner, Charles. Born in 1811. American statesman and jurist. Delivered a powerful speech against war in 1845, "The True Grandeur of Nations," and in 1851 was elected United States senator. In 1856 he made a speech, "The Crime Against Kansas," which caused a personal attack upon him by a Southern delegate. In 1860 he made his oration, "The Barbarism of Slavery," was chairman of Committee on Foreign Relations, 1861-71. Sumner was a strong supporter of the American claims in the "Alabama" case. Died 1874.