Silliman, Benjamin. American naturalist. Born in Connecticut, 1779. Graduated at Yale College in 1796; chosen professor of chemistry there in 1802. Studied in Philadelphia and later abroad, preparing for his professorship, in which position he gained great celebrity. In 1818 Silliman founded "The American Journal of Science and Arts," the first of its kind in the United States. Died in 1864. His son Benjamin succeeded him at Yale. Born 1816, died 1885.