Santa Ana, Antonio Lopez de (or Santa Anna). Born in 1795. Mexican general. Fought at first for the Spaniards but, in 1829, defeated their expedition and became president in 1833. He was forced to recognize the independence of Texas, and defended Vera Cruz against the French in 1838, but after having been dictator from 1841 to 1844, was banished. He returned to conduct the war against the United States and, in 1853-55, was again dictator. He was afterwards banished once more for intriguing against Juarez. Died 1876.