Phidias. One of the greatest of sculptors, an Athenian. Is supposed to have been born about 500 B.C.; little, however, is known respecting his life. Hegias is stated by some to have been his master. He also studied under Ageladas of Argos. He executed several statues of Minerva, particularly that in the Parthenon (the works of which temple he superintended); a statue of Jupiter Olympus; and various other productions. Phidias died about 432 B.C.