Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Lord. Born in 1800. British historian and statesman. Graduated at Cambridge, was called to the bar in 1826, and entered parliament for Calne in 1830, as a Whig. He was secretary of war (1839-41), and paymaster-general (1846-47); having represented Edinburgh for many years, he was created a peer in 1857. His chief works were "History of England from the Accession of James II," "Critical Essays" (most of which were written for the "Edinburgh Review"), and "Lays of Ancient Rome." Died 1859.