Maxwell, James Clerk. Physicist. Born in Edinburgh in 1831. After being second wrangler and Smith's prizeman, became professor of natural philosophy at Aberdeen, and of physics and astronomy at King's College (1860-68). In 1871, he was elected professor of physics at Cambridge, where he made numerous researches, resulting in "The Kinetic Theory of Gases" and "Electricity and Magnetism." Died 1879.