Manning, Henry Edward, Cardinal. Born in 1808. English Roman Catholic prelate, educated at Harrow and Balliol. Was some time Fellow of Merton; subsequently took orders, and became Archdeacon of Chichester in 1840. In 1851 he joined the Roman Catholic Church, publishing "Grounds of Faith" in the next year. In 1865 he succeeded Wiseman as Archbishop of Westminster, and 10 years later was made cardinal. He approved the infallibility dogma of the Vatican Council of 1869, and carried on a controversy with Gladstone on the subject. He sat on several commissions, and took a leading part in bringing to a conclusion the dock strike of 1889. Died in 1892.