Murillo, Bartolome Esteban. Born in 1617. Spanish painter, pupil of Juan del Castillo. After living in great poverty, made the acquaintance of Velasquez, who introduced him to the Escorial. He made a reputation by his pictures in the "Claustro Chico" of the Seville Franciscan Convent, and afterwards painted Madonnas and holy families, his "chef-d'oeuvre" being "The Immaculate Conception," now in the Louvre. Murillo died in 1682 from the effects of a fall from scaffolding when engaged on a picture of "The Espousals of St. Catherine."