Johnson, Hiram W. Governor of California, 1911-17. Was born in Sacramento, California, 1866. Studied law. In 1906 was associated with Francis Heney in the San Francisco graft prosecutions. When Heney was shot down in open court, Johnson took his place and sent Abe Ruef, leader of the grafters, to the penitentiary for 14 years. Elected governor of California on a platform designed to free the state of the domination of the Southern Pacific Railroad and similar influences. Procured passage of 23 progressive amendments to the state constitution. In 1912, nominated vice-president on the Progressive ticket. Elected U.S. senator, 1916.