Biography of Andrew Jackson


Jackson, Andrew. The seventh president of the United States, was born in North Carolina, March 15, 1767, of Irish parentage. After a harum-scarum youth, Jackson, in 1788, commenced the practice of the law in Nashville, Tennessee, and became that state's sole representative in Congress in 1796, and senator in the following year. Between 1798 and 1804, he served as a judge of the supreme court of Tennessee. In 1806 he killed Charles Dickinson in a duel. In 1807 he appeared as the champion of Aaron Burr and, in 1812, upon the breaking out of hostilities with England, offered his services to the government. In 1813, he was severely wounded in a duel fought with Colonel Benton, and defeated the Creeks at Talladega in the same year. In May, 1814, he received the appointment of major-general in the United States Army, and commanded in the battle won over the British Army at New Orleans in January, 1815. This great victory raised the reputation of Jackson as a general to the highest point, and made him the idol of a large portion of the American people. In 1817-18, General Jackson conducted the Seminole War to a successful conclusion, and was appointed governor of Florida in 1821. Three years later he was an unsuccessful aspirant for the presidency, to which office he was, however, elected in 1828, and reelected at the end of his four-year term in 1832. Among the chief occurrences during his double tenure of office were: his veto of a new charter to the Bank of the United States; the proclamation denouncing the South Carolina Nullification Movement; and the senatorial censure passed on the president for his authorizing the removal of the public deposits from the Bank of the United States. Died June 8, 1845.