Hobbes, Thomas. Philosopher. Born in Malmesbury in 1588. Educated at Oxford. Met Descartes and Gassendi at Paris when tutor to members of the Devonshire family; was afterwards mathematical tutor to Prince Charles (Charles II). Hobbes received a pension at the Restoration, but his chief works were censured by parliament. These were "The Leviathan" and "De Cive." He also wrote "Behemoth," a history of the Civil War. Hobbes died in 1679.