Hammond, James Bartlett. Typewriter inventor. Born in Boston, April 23, 1839. Graduate of University of Vermont, 1861. Newspaper correspondent during Civil War. Graduate of Union Theological Seminary, 1865. Studied philosophy and science at University of Halle, Germany. Devoted many years to mechanical experiments. Patented in 1880, and marketed in 1884, a typewriting machine made on scientific principles. Introduced "Ideal" keyboard and true alignment in the "Hammond Typewriter." Won highest honors in competitions. Collaborator on American translation of "Lange's Commentary on the Psalms," 1884. Hammond died in 1913.