Herodotus. Born in Halicarnassus, in Caria, 484 B.C. An eminent Greek historian, usually called "the Father of History." Herodotus' great work, for which he appears to have collected the materials during long travel, is believed to have been written at Thurii. It comes down to 478 B.C. and, except for the author's love of the marvelous, his history is considered one of the most trustworthy of all ancient histories, while in the grace of its style it is unrivaled. Herodotus died in Thurii, Italy, about 424 B.C.