Herod Antipas, a son of Herod the Great, by Malthace, a Samaritan wife. After his father's death he governed Galilee and Peraea. He it was to whom Jesus was sent by Pilate to be tried. Herodias, mother of Salome, and she through whose artifice John the Baptist was beheaded, was his wife. Herod had been married first to an Arabian princess, but was fascinated while in Rome by Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip, and married her. The Arabian wife, outraged, fled to her father, and his armies completely routed those of Herod. In various other ways Herodias proved the king's evil genius, finally bringing about his exile which she shared with him of her own accord.