Henry VII. Born about 1457. First of the Tudor Dynasty, son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of John of Gaunt. Invaded England in 1485, and defeated Richard III at Bosworth, after which he married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV. His reign was marked by three Yorkist risings, which he defeated by the measures he enforced against the nobles, by his system of marriages with foreign princes, and the enactment of Poyning's Law. Died 1509.