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Biography of Henry III


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Henry III. Born in 1207. Son of John by Isabella of Angouleme. Came to the throne in 1216 when a minor. In the course of a long reign, provoked much hostility by his foreign favorites and his submission to papal exactions. The discontent culminated in the Barons' War (1263-65), in which he was defeated at Lewes and compelled to submit to control of the government by De Montfort and his friends. These, however, quarreled among themselves, and at Evesham, De Montfort was defeated and slain. During this reign, the Great Charter (with important clauses omitted) was frequently renewed, and Westminster Abbey was almost entirely built. Died 1272.