Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. A German metaphysician. Born in Stuttgart, 1770, became, in 1801, a lecturer in Jena University. In 1816 Hegel entered upon the professorship of philosophy at Heidelberg, and two years later filed a similar chair at Berlin. The Hegelian system of philosophy is looked upon as an attempt to combine the real and the ideal and, though perhaps but imperfectly understood, was accounted in Germany as forming, or rather associating together, the salient doctrines of the Pantheistic school. Hegel died in 1831.