Emanuel, Filibert. Duke of Savoy. Son of Charles III, born 1528. Was commander-in-chief of the imperial troops in Italy against the French who, on his father's death, seized most of his inheritance. Appointed governor of the Netherlands by Philip II in 1556, he attacked France, winning the battle of St. Quentin, and by the Treaty of Chateau-Cambresis (1559) recovered his ancestral domains, and married Marguerite, sister of the king of France. He applied himself to the administrative and military organization of his country, and is considered the founder of the Sardinian monarchy. Died 1580.