Euripides. Greek tragedian. Born in Salamis in 480 B.C. Rival and contemporary of Sophocles, and friend of Socrates. Euripides studied under Anaxagoras, and produced his first tragedy in 455. He sought in Macedonia a refuge from the satire of Aristophanes. Among Euripides' works are the "Alcestis," "Hebcuba," and "Medes." Died 406 B.C.