Biography of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman


Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry. Prime minister of Great Britain. Born in 1836. Educated at Glasgow University and Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A. honors 1858, M.A. 1861). Financial secretary in war office, 1871-74 and 1880-82; secretary admiralty, 1882-84; chief secretary of Ireland, 1884-85; secretary for war, 1886 and 1892-95. Chosen leader of the Liberal Opposition in succession to Sir William Harcourt, February, 1899. Notwithstanding the differences between Liberal Imperialists and other Liberals over the Boer War, a unanimous vote of confidence in his leadership was carried at a meeting of the Liberal Party held at the Reform Club in July, 1901. Again received the solid support of the Liberal Party in the House in 1903, 1904, and 1905. On the resignation of the Balfour administration in December, 1905, he was summoned by the king and formed a Liberal cabinet, himself becoming first lord of the treasury and prime minister. The general election which followed gave him a tremendous majority. Died 1908.