Cherubini (ka-roo-be'ne), Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore. An eminent Italian composer. Cherubini was born at Florence in 1760 and naturalized in France. He settled in Paris, the scene of his greatest triumphs, where he composed operas, of which the chief were "Iphigenia in Aulis," and "Lesdeux Journees," or "The Water-Carrier," his masterpiece; also a number of sacred pieces and requiems, all of the highest merit. Cherubini died in 1842.